LSE Research Seminar PH500

Mayo

Topic: Current Controversies in Phil Stat
(LSE, LAK 2.06 from 15:00 – 17:00; Thursdays* 21 May-week of 15 June)

I. (May 21)  Introduction: Controversies in Phil Stat:  Error-statistics, Likelihoodism: selection effects and irreplication
(SIST: Excursion 1)

II. (May 28) Statistical Tests: Concepts and Controversies
(SIST: Excursion 3 Tour I; Tour II Selected Chestnuts and Howlers) 

III. (June 4) Power, Severity and Confidence Intervals
(SIST: Excursion 5 Tours I and II; Excursion 3: Section 3.7) 

IV. (June 11) Bayesian Statistics: Concepts and Controversies (empirical, objective, default, pragmatic): Fisher-Jeffreys Disagreement (Jeffreys-Lindley Paradox)
(SIST: Excursion 6 Tour I, Excursion 4: Section 4.4) 

V. (June 18)* Current Controversies in Stat Evidence Policy evidence policies (statistics in the law, and other topics depending on interest)
(From Excursion 4 Tour III, Excursion 6: Section 6.7; Selected Editorials)

*We will seek an agreed-upon alternate date this week, as it is too close to the workshop.

JUNE 19-20 Workshop: The Statistics Wars and Its Consequences

Readings (tentative)

  • Mayo, D (2018), Statistical Inference as Severe Testing: How to Get Beyond the Statistics Wars (CUP, 2018).

Selected short papers and editorials

  • Amrhein, V., Greenland, S., & McShane, B., (2019). Comment: Retire Statistical Significance, Nature, 567: 305-308.
  • Benjamin, D., Berger, J., Johannesson, M., et al. (2017). Redefine Statistical Significance, Nature Human Behaviour, 2: 6-10.
  • Gelman, A. & Loken, E., (2014). The Statistical Crisis in Science, American Scientist, 2: 460-5.
  • Ioannidis, J. (2005). “Why Most Published Research Findings are False”, PLoS Medicine 2(8), 0696–0701.
  • Lakens, D., et al. (2018). Justify Your Alpha, Nature Human Behaviour, 2: 168-71.
  • Mayo, DG. (2019), P‐value thresholds: Forfeit at your peril. Eur J Clin Invest, 49: e13170. doi: 10.1111/eci.13170
  • Senn, S., (2002). A Comment on Replication, P-values and Evidence, S. N. Goodman, Statistics in Medicine 1992; 11:875-879, Statistics in Medicine, 21(16): 2437–44.
  • Simmons, J., Nelson, L. & Simonsohn, U., (2011). False-Positive Psychology: Undisclosed Flexibility in Data Collection and Analysis Allow Presenting Anything as Significant, Psychological Science, 22(11): 1359-1366.
  • Wasserstein, R. & Lazar, N. (2016). The ASA’s statement on p-values: Context, process, and purpose. The American Statistician, 70: 129-133.
  • Wasserstein, Schirm & Lazar (2019). Moving to a World Beyond “p < 0.05”, The American Statistician, 73 sup 1, 1-19.

References for SIST: Captain’s Bibliography

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